khal tries to follow standards and RFCs (most importantly RFC 5545 iCalendar) wherever possible. Known intentional and unintentional deviations are listed below.


RDATE s with PERIOD values are currently not supported, as icalendar does not support it yet. Please submit any real world examples of events with RDATE;VALUE=PERIOD you might encounter (khal will print warnings if you have any in your calendars).


Recurrent events with the RANGE=THISANDPRIOR are and will not be [1] supported by khal, as applications supporting the latest standard MUST NOT create those. khal will print a warning if it encounters an event containing RANGE=THISANDPRIOR.

Events with neither END nor DURATION

While the RFC states:

A calendar entry with a "DTSTART" property but no "DTEND"
property does not take up any time. It is intended to represent
an event that is associated with a given calendar date and time
of day, such as an anniversary. Since the event does not take up
any time, it MUST NOT be used to record busy time no matter what
the value for the "TRANSP" property.

khal transforms those events into all-day events lasting for one day (the start date). As long a those events do not get edited, these changes will not be written to the vdir (and with that to the CalDAV server). Any timezone information that was associated with the start date gets discarded.


While the main rationale for this behaviour was laziness on part of khal’s main author, other calendar software shows the same behaviour (e.g. Google Calendar and Evolution).


Getting localized time right, seems to be the most difficult part about calendaring (and messing it up ends in missing the one important meeting of the week). So I’ll briefly describe here, how khal tries to handle timezone information, which information it can handle and which it can’t.

In general, there are two different type of events. Localized events (with localized start and end datetimes) which have timezone information attached to their start and end datetimes, and floating events (with floating start and end datetimes), which have no timezone information attached (all-day events, events that last for complete days are floating as well). Localized events are always observed at the same UTC (no matter what time zone the observer is in), but different local times. On the other hand, floating events are always observed at the same local time, which might be different in UTC.

In khal all localized datetimes are saved to the local database as UTC. Datetimes that are already UTC, e.g. 19980119T070000Z, are saved as such, others are converted to UTC (but don’t worry, the timezone information does not get lost). Floating events get saved in floating time, independently of the localized events.

If you want to look up which events take place at a specified datetime, khal always expects that you want to know what events take place at that local datetime. Therefore, the (local) datetime you asked for gets converted to UTC, the appropriate localized events get selected and presented with their start and end datetimes converted to your local datetime. For floating events no conversion is necessary.

Khal (i.e. icalendar) can understand all timezone identifiers as used in the Olson DB and custom timezone definitions, if those VTIMEZONE components are placed before the VEVENTS that make use of them (as most calendar programs seem to do). In case an unknown (or unsupported) timezone is found, khal will assume you want that event to be placed in the default timezone (which can be configured in the configuration file as well).

khal expects you always want all start and end datetimes displayed in local time (which can be set in the configuration file as well, otherwise your computer’s timezone is used).